Dating a pickelhaube

The right cockade, the national cockade, was red, black and white.The left cockade was used to denote the province of the soldier (Prussia-black and white; Bavaria-white and blue; etc).The most common plate design consisted of a large, spread-winged eagle, the emblem used by Prussia.Different plate designs were used by Bavaria, Württemberg, Baden, and the other German states.The Russian spike was topped with a small ball, with the spike emerging from it.After 1862 the spiked helmet ceased to be generally worn by the Russian Army, although it was retained until 1914 by the Cuirassier regiments of the Imperial Guard and the Gendarmerie.The basic Pickelhaube was made of hardened (boiled) leather, given a glossy-black finish, and reinforced with metal trim (usually plated with gold or silver for officers) that included a metal spike at the crown.Early versions had a high crown, but the height gradually was reduced and the helmet became more fitted in form.

The Überzug was intended to protect the helmet from dirt and reduce its combat visibility, as the brass and silver fittings on the Pickelhaube proved to be highly reflective. = "bonnet", a general word for headgear), also "Pickelhelm," was a spiked helmet worn in the 19th and 20th centuries by German military, firefighters, and police.It is not clear whether this was a case of imitation, or parallel invention.In 1867 an attempt at weight reduction by removing part of the front and rear peaks did not prove successful.Some versions of the Pickelhaube worn by German artillery units employed a ball-shaped finial rather than the pointed spike.

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